Medical Education Technology and Evaluation

Curriculum Development: Process

Teaching is a complex endeavor.  The following steps for Curriculum Development may be useful as you think about your course set-up and teaching methodology.  The websites in the right-hand column are useful resources for Course Directors and Instructors.

from:  Kern, Thomas, Howard, and Bass (1998) Curriculum Development for Medical Education (pages 4-6)


Step 1: Problem Identification and General Needs Assessment
"identification and critical analysis of a health care need to other problem."

Step 2: Needs Assessment of Targeted Learners
"Assessing the needs of one targeted group of learners..."

Step 3: Goals and objectives
"Once the needs of targeted learners have been identified, goals and objectives Word Document - [234 kb] for the curriculum can be written..."

Step 4: Educational Strategies
"Once objectives have been clarified, curriculum content is chosen and educational methods are selected that will most likely achieve the educational objectives."

Step 5: Implementation
There are several components:
  • "procurement of political support for the curriculum
  • identification and procurement of resources
  • identification and address of barriers to implementation
  • introduction of the curriculum...(piloting...)
  • administration of the curriculum
  • refinement of the curriculum"
Step 6: Evaluation and Feedback
"It usually is desirable to assess the performance of both individuals (individual evaluation) and the curriculum (called program evaluation)."

"The purpose of evaluation may be formative (to provide ongoing feedback so that the learners or curriculum can improve) or summative (to provide a final "grade" or assessment of the performance of the learner or curriculum").


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